Understanding the concept of meteorology and meteorologist

Meteorology has to do with atmospheric science that studies various factors that affect the environment. It has to do with changes in the physical characteristics that make up the earth.

What is a meteorologist? 

A meteorologist is someone who studies, observes, reports and forecast weather conditions. As a meteorologist, it is your responsibility to forecast and identify changes in weather and climate patterns. A lot of people will depend on your knowledge of weather


A meteorologist in front of a map

Source: Phil Konstantin via Wikimedia Commons

such as what tomorrow’s temperature or emergency weather situations might occur, e.g., tornadoes, hurricanes, etc.

That said, before you can start forecasting weather, you have to know how to become a meteorologist.

Below are the steps you need to take to become a meteorologist.

Get a proper education in high school

Formal education holds the key to any successful career. If indeed you desire to become a meteorologist, start with taking the right courses in high school to prepare you for the task ahead. Engage yourself in relevant science courses and advanced mathematics. Try as much as possible to become a guru in Calculus, Physics. Chemistry, Dynamics, Synoptic, including Earth Science—the backbone courses in atmospheric science.

Furthermore, sharpen your writing and communication skills in English classes. As a scientist, you would be responsible for writing lots of research papers and reports. If at the end you become a meteorologist working for a TV station, you will have to communicate all your forecast and reports in clear, apparent terms.

After high school, do I require a bachelor degree?

College is just a step in the right direction, not the final bus stop. If you which to become a meteorologist, the minimum qualification you will need is a bachelor degree. Every meteorologist receives a bachelor degree in either meteorology or atmospheric science, and that’s what you too must have.

In some cases, meteorologists are awarded degrees which combine meteorology with other fields of science, such as geology, chemistry, physics, statistics, or oceanography. Also, it will benefit you a lot to take classes in computer science during your degrees.

Do you intend working as a meteorologist for a TV station? Take classes in journalism or other media-related fields. A meteorologist who wants to work for the government is expected to have at least 24 credit hours of meteorology or atmospheric science.

Get to know more about technology

Today, there is widespread use of computers in the study of weather and climatic conditions. Being a meteorologist, you need in-depth knowledge of computers and technology to pursue a career in this field. Meteorologists use computers and other technological innovations to aid their research and enhance their weather predictions.

Acquire an internship

Several computer screen in front of a man on a phone

Source: NOAA

One right way you can get experience while in high school or during your bachelor’s degree is to become an intern. Search around for internships with local meteorologists. Such placement will enable you to acquire valuable experience that will come handy when submitting your applications and CVs for prospective jobs openings.

Choose a career in meteorology

Meteorology isn’t just concerned with forecasting the weather; meteorologists also study the processes and characteristics of the atmosphere and the effects they have on the environment. There are different types of meteorologists, and you should determine the category you are interested in pursuing.

For instance, an Operational Meteorologist deals with weather forecasts while a Climatologist examines the seasonal changes that occur over time relating to months or years.

An Environmental Meteorologist is responsible for studying problems like air pollutions that affects the earth’s atmosphere. While a Physical Meteorologist performs research on the atmosphere and other physical properties, a Synoptic Meteorologist makes use of maths model to produce various tools like weather forecasting software.

Become certified

Obtaining certification in meteorology is one great way to gain adequate training in weather and atmospheric study. A certificate of meteorology allows you to become a meteorologist without committing to the full requirement of a degree program. You can become certified after completing a certificate program of just 10-20 semester hours.

An example of such certificate programs offered in the US includes the Mississippi’s Broadcast and Operational Meteorology certificate program


Meteorology is an excellent field of study that bridges man’s survival instinct with the forces of nature. Becoming a meteorologist today is a choice you can make to help humanity be a step ahead or Mother Nature.

Image Resource: Featured Image Source https://pmm.nasa.gov/education/articles/what-hurricane-typhoon-or-tropical-cyclonehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DaveScottKUSIByPhilKonstantin.jpghttp://www.noaa.gov/explainers/improving-weather-forecasts

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